Wednesday, August 29, 2012

Human Trafficking

Human Trafficking is the Second-largest organized crime in the world IT has become a bigger Business than Drug Trafficking.

What Is Human Trafficking?
Human Trafficking is the transportation and exploitation of people; beyond their will by using force, taking advantage of vulnerable situations, blackmail or even used as a "currency". Commonly leading to prostitution, labour and even organ donation (can be all three).
According to the U.N. report, sexual exploitation accounts for 79 percent of human trafficking, while forced labor accounts for 18 percent.

You Tube Link: Issued by Ken Foundation

A survey conducted by UK based Thompson Reuters Foundation ranks Afghanistan, Congo, Pakistan, India and Somalia the five most dangerous countries for women to live in. In these countries basic human rights are systematically denied to women. Though this might be the harsh reality for the majority of the women in these countries, the intent of the series of articles in Real Talkies, on each one of these nations is to showcase possibilities. The focus will be on the pioneers in these countries who break these concrete barriers and let the little girls dream, aspire and believe that anything is possible in their lives.
According to the Census commission of India, in 2001 the sex ratio ( females per thousand males) was 933. It was 946 females for every 1000 males in rural India and surprisingly 900 in Urban India. (CENSUS DATA 2001). 2011 Census data indicates the number slightly improved to an average of 940. (District Wise Sex Ratio 2011). Out of the 640 districts, 102 (thank god) districts have reversed ratio where the females are higher in number than males. While there are some districts where the females to male ratio is in the 500s. The link elaborates more on the specific numbers. Unlike countries that restrict access to education, healthy life, basic sanitation, economic empowerment, equality, India truly nips them in the bud. Why deal with all these issues, let us just not let them be born! It is estimated that 12 million girls were aborted in the last three decades.
Petals in the Dust: India’s Missing Girls, will explore the reasons behind this ”gendercide”, it’s origin, growth and consequences.It is the intention of the film to serve as a voice for the women of India, calling attention to female infanticide and foeticide, practices that have lead to the biggest genocide in India’s history.  The U.N. has warned that these acts if left unabated, would lead to an increase in trafficking, sexual abuse and violence towards women.
This is not to say, that the status for women who are born is any better. A large section of the female population deals with cultural/religious/economic discrimination, domestic violence/abuse and sex trafficking. It is very true there are many Indias. it is a country of paradoxes. According to me, the main culprit in my opinion that has driven families, women and men to selectively abort their female fetus is the fear of the INDIAN WEDDING and the UGLY dowry.

Human Trafficking in India:  How Big is the Problem?

By its very nature, human trafficking is something that is not publicly identified, so how can quantify how much corruption is taking place? I am not sure that there is a real answer to that question. You cannot measure what you cannot see. We have no doubt that human trafficking takes place wherever someone sees there is a need for cheap labor, sex, and money; therefore, it exists in every country in the world. Many organizations around the world have taken on extensive research projects to attempt to identify the scope of the problem, none have been completely successful. Most all of the reports have been questioned as to reliability and accuracy, as should be expected due to the reason above. With that being said, multiple reports point to India as a “source, destination, and transit country.” The huge population and location seem to be contributing factors to this statement. It is less liking that someone would be caught trafficking among the population. The number of borders India shares with its neighbors adds to the problem. China, Nepal, Bangladesh, and Pakistan all have been identified as countries with a significant amount of human trafficking. It is also arguable that many industries in India require manual labor, which is also a factor. 
NGOs and human rights activists are left to fill the void of the government’s negligence. Without a significant amount of funds, how much of an impact can NGOs have? On individual lives, their impacts are huge, but when you look at society as a whole, the crisis is too big; the Indian government must step up and address this issue. 

So just who is being trafficked?
The report says that women are 66 percent of the victims, followed by young girls at 13 percent, men at 12 percent, and young boys at 9 percent.
How can you help stop the demand for human trafficking?
Look beneath the surface for signs of human trafficking in our own community.
Contact local organizations working to end human trafficking.

stop the demand for human trafficking
Don’t wait till this Happens to some one in your Family 

To combat human trafficking
several short-term and long-term measures are needed to be taken up at all levels. There is an urgent need to create awareness among the public about human trafficking. Media can play a very effective role here. Poverty alleviation measures too will help in combating it in the long run. Since India is also a transit point for human trafficking, the government should take speedy measures to secure India's borders by completing its fencing and ensuring strict vigil. There is a need to develop an institutionalised system of co-ordination between the law enforcement agencies and non-governmental organisations (NGOs) who sometimes prove to be more effective than government agencies in exposing human trafficking networks. There is a need to have greater co-ordination between different states in India as trafficking has a long trail from the source point to the destination with several transit points in between. Investigation in the cases involving human trafficking should be carried out with the aim to destroy this long trail. Increased co-ordination between government departments like police, public welfare, health, women, and child is required to ensure an effective response. Government and NGOs should work together to ensure post-rescue rehabilitation of the victims in terms of providing them healthcare, education and other employment opportunities.          

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